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Genetically modified mosquitoes are the pathogenic agents of the Zika disease by Petia Ganeva

Genetically modified mosquitoes are the pathogenic agents of the Zika disease

by Petia Ganeva

Draft 3

1.Introduction

A significant onset of the Zika disease is obeserved around the world especially since 2015. While before 2015 only 13 countries suffered on this incurbale, mosquito transmutted virus, in 2016 already 65 states are plagued by the mosquito borne Zika disease. Brazil, Mexico Central Ameria and Malasyia are mostly afflicted with the Zika virus. Somehow the non- native Zika carrying blood- feeding insects have reached North America. Over 20 states of the USA are hit by the Aedes aegypti, Aedes albopticus and Culex mosquitoes. According to the German magazine ” Speigel”, these Zika carrying mosquitoes will pose soon a threat to Europe in the meantime. The Zika virus is a very serious disease. The World Organisation and the Center for Disease Control and Preventions of the USA speaks from serious birth defects, births of children with small heads and brain damages. Especially pregnant women are at risk. There is still no cure for this very devastating plasmodium infection as reported by governmental officials, doctors and scientiests. Therefore, a group of scientists, maily from the British company Oxitec recommended to the FDA to use genetically modified mosquiotes to control respectively to reduce the reporduction of the Aedes aegypti species, which are infected with the patogenic bacteria Wolbachia. Employees from the British Company Oxitec stated in their web site, they do not work with genetically modified mosquitoes, which are infected with the parasitic bacteria Wolbachia. Nevetherless, the population and the dissemination of the Zika carrying mosquitoes have increased and reached also north states of the US, where the weather is not predistinated for these dangerous mosquitoes, which actually prefer tropical weather conditions. Plenty of free trials were utilized in many contries to reduce the population of these mosquiotes species. Instead of suppressing their population and decreasing the erruptio of the Zika diease, it occured the opposite.

References:

http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/zika/en/

http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/aedes-aegypti-mosquito-is-world-s-most-dangerous-animal-a-1103876.html

http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/vnfv/ncurrent/full/nature18296.html

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-35489388

https://www.wired.com/2016/08/california-city-fending-off-zika-releasing-40000-mosquitoes-every-week/

http://www.cbsnews.com/media/mosquitoes-the-most-murderous-animal-on-earth/

http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/birthdefects/microcephaly.html

http://www.cdc.gov/zika/healtheffects/

http://www.nothingbutnets.net/blogs/how-the-zika-virus-relates-to-malaria.html?referrer=https://www.google.gr/

http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/aedes-aegypti-mosquito-is-world-s-most-dangerous-animal-a-1103876.html

http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/vnfv/ncurrent/full/nature18296.html

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-35489388

https://www.wired.com/2016/08/california-city-fending-off-zika-releasing-40000-mosquitoes-every-week/

http://www.cbsnews.com/media/mosquitoes-the-most-murderous-animal-on-earth/

http://www.who.int/emergencies/zika-virus/situation-report/21-july-2016/en/

2. The Role of the geneic modified mosquitoes within the Zika disease

The World Health Organisation WHO called for genetic conrol of Zika carrying mosquitoes by releasing gentically modified mosquitoes from the same species infected with the pathogenic bacteria Wolbachia.

Scienties mainly from the British company Oxitec also suggested a genetic control of the Zika carrying mosquites via the usage of genetically modified male mosquitoes from the Aedes eagypti species. Therefore, they started to produce in laboratories genetically modified male mosquitoes and to release them in dfferentcountries, which the Zika carrying mosquitoes inhabit.

200 000 mosquitoes of these genetically modified mosquitoes are released weekly on the Cayman islands. Thousands of genetically modified mosquitoes were set free in Brazil by farmers in 2015. The online magazine ” Global Researh” presumes, these insect species have something to do with the outbreak of the Zika disease in this country. The World Health Organistaiton tries to exert a global genetic control of the population of the Zika transmitting mosquitoes by producing and releasing genetically modified male mosquitoes , infected with the pathogenic bacteria Wolbachia.

As a result more Zika carrying mosquitoes circulate in these areas since the release of the genetically modfied male mosquitoes. More cases with Zika infected people are reported since then. Based on these disturbing, but true facts, which should not be ingnored at all, the genetic control ultilized by the British company and farmers in Brazil among others, appointed by governmental institution like the like the FDA in the USA has failed in their purposes to suppress the reproduction and to control population of the Zika carrying mosquioto species via a gentic control.

The free trials, which were recommendend by the British company Oxitec and the FDA in the USA , while these governmental institutions underline, the commecial usage of these genetically modified insects is not approved, have failed in controlling genetically the population of the Zika carrying musquitoes.

References:

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/who-backs-trials-of-bacteria-genetic-modification-to-fight-zika-mosquitoes/

http://www.globalresearch.ca/genetically-modified-mosquitoes-released-in-brazil-in-2015-linked-to-the-current-zika-epidemic/5504505

http://www.healthmap.org/site/diseasedaily/article/brazil-rolls-out-gm-mosquito-farms-71812

http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/health-news/worlds-biggest-swarm-of-genetically-modified-mosquitoes-released-in-brazil-9254211.html

http://www.oxitec.com/press-release-oxitec-mosquito-works-to-control-aedes-aegypti-in-dengue-hotspo/

http://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/gm-mosquitoes-set-be-released-brazil-combat-dengue-0/

http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/aedes-aegypti-mosquito-is-world-s-most-dangerous-animal-a-1103876.html

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-35489388

http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/aedes-aegypti-mosquito-is-world-s-most-dangerous-animal-a-1103876.html

www.eliminatedengue.com/faqs/index/type/wolbachia

http://www.oxitec.com/faqs/what-is-wolbachia-and-are-you-working-on-this/

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-35489388

https://www.wired.com/2016/08/california-city-fending-off-zika-releasing-40000-mosquitoes-every-week/

http://www.who.int/emergencies/zika-virus/articles/mosquito-control/en/

http://www.oxitec.com/programmes/cayman/

http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/notices/alert/zika-virus-cayman-islands

3. Genetic modification of mosquitoes

The British company Oxitec mentiones on its website, that up to 60 % of all insects are infected with this bacteria Wolbachia. By and by scientists started to make experiments with insects and to infect them successfully with Wolbachia. The infection with the bacteria Wolbachia is not a natural state of the insects, underlines Oxitec. Consequently, it means, the Zika carrying mosquitoes were also genetically engineered somewhen, respectively modified genetically by scientists. A specialist from Thailand articlualted already in 1998, the dengue disease is a man made and the mosquitoes,which spread the dengue virus, have been genetically modified. These mosquitoes are man made species. It is best known, that the mosquitoes species, which transmute the Zika disease, are responsible also for the dengue virus.

References:

http://www.economist.com/node/161604

http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/ciencia/ciencia_industryweapons125.htm

http://www.cdc.gov/zika/vector/range.html

http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/healthtopics/zika_virus_infection/factsheet-health-professionals/pages/factsheet_health_professionals.aspx

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4154766/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4758728/

3. Genetic modification of mosquitoes

The British company Oxitec mentiones on its website, that up to 60 % of all insects are infected with this bacteria Wolbachia. By and by scientists started to make experiments with insects and to infect them successfully with Wolbachia. The infection with the bacteria Wolbachia is not a natural state of the insects, underlines Oxitec. Consequently, it means, the Zika carrying mosquitoes were also genetically engineered somewhen, respectively modified genetically by scientists. A specialist from Thailand articlualted already in 1998, the dengue disease is a man made and the mosquitoes,which spread the dengue virus, have been genetically modified. These mosquitoes are man made species. It is best known, that the mosquitoes species, which transmute the Zika disease, are responsible also for the dengue virus.

In their studies from 2013 and 2014 the scientists also refers , that Zika, malaria and dengue trasnmitting mosquitoes are purposefully infected with the pathogenic bacteria Wolbachia in laboratories, which means, they are also genetically engineered, not naturally produce mosquitoes

References:

http://www.economist.com/node/161604

http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/ciencia/ciencia_industryweapons125.htm

http://www.cdc.gov/zika/vector/range.html

http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/healthtopics/zika_virus_infection/factsheet-health-professionals/pages/factsheet_health_professionals.aspx

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4154766/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4758728/

4. Classification, Life Circle, Properties of the geneically modified and Zika carrying mosquiotoes

Mosquitoes inhabit the earth since over millions of years. Meanwhile there are around 3000 kinds of mosqsuitoes on this planet and they have aclimatized themselves best. They can live under antarctic and under tropical weather conditions very well. There are mosquitos, which bite only human beings. There are some from these species, they prefer to attack animals. The Zika and dengue virus breeding mosquitoes are most active in the morning and in the afternoons, according to a official paper about mosquitoes from the state Hawaii. There are two types of Zika and dengue virus transmuting mosquitoes on Hawaii: Aedes aegypti (Yellow Fever Mosquito) and Aedes albopictus (Asian Tiger Mosquito or Forest Day Mosquito.(https://health.hawaii.gov/docd/files/2015/12/dengue-faq-mosquitoes.pdf).

The office of CDA in Florida also identifies two different species of the Aedes mosquitoes, which infect human beings with the Zika Virus. The Aedes eagypti and Aedes albopictus, which belong to the same mosquito species, carry, transmute the Zika virus. Trisha Canlvo from the US Consumer Reports brings up the Culex mosquito as a pathogenic agent of the Zika and West Nile viruses in addition.

https://www.iamat.org/country/indonesia/risk/zika-virus

The life circle of these species is short and subdivide itself in in 4 stages- eggs, larvae, pupae and the adult phase. Scientists differentiate two major life phases of these insects- an aquatic and the terrestrial one. For a better control and prevention of the Zika disease it is relevant to know, that the larvae and the pupae of these Zika carrying mosquitoes need water to live and survive, while they lay there eggs and live in terrestrial zones. Two – three days after a blood- meal has occured, the eggs are completely developed. The pupae needs 2 weeks to turn itself into an adult mosquito Only the adult mosquito bites, respectivelly feeds blood from humans. The eggs are laid many times, not only once, depending of the productivity of the female mosquito.

References:

http://www.cdc.gov/zika/vector/range.html

http://www.cbsnews.com/news/best-bug-sprays-for-fighting-zika/

http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/healthtopics/zika_virus_infection/factsheet-health-professionals/pages/factsheet_health_professionals.aspx

https://health.hawaii.gov/docd/files/2015/12/dengue-faq-mosquitoes.pdf

http://www.denguevirusnet.com/life-cycle-of-aedes-aegypti.html

https://health.hawaii.gov/docd/files/2015/12/dengue-faq-mosquitoes.pdf

https://www.iamat.org/country/indonesia/risk/zika-virus

https://health.hawaii.gov/docd/files/2015/12/dengue-faq-mosquitoes.pdf

5. The Dessimination of the Zika transmitting genetically modified moesquiotes

Zika carrying mosquitoes circulate today in around 100 countries in comparison to 1970, when only 9 countries were inhabited by the same mosquitoes.

Brazil, Mexico, countries from Central America and countries from Asia like Thailand and the

Phillipines are the most affected countries by these parasitic insects. The estimated dessimination of the Zika mosquitoes in the United States of America comprises more than 20 states, which includes Florida, California, Arizona, Texas, Luisianna and even North East lying states like Pennsylvania, Kentucky, New York, New Jercey and Connecticut.

The biggest, epidemic zones of genetically modfied mosquitoes, which carry the Zika virus, are in Brazil, Mexico, Thailand and the Phillipines.

The Zika Virus was found in Uganda at first in 1947 in monkeys according to the World Health Organisation, but this African country is not included as a dessimination zone of Zika carrying mosquitoesanymore. The first cases of Zika Virus on human beings dated from 1952, which were observed in Tanzania. In 1954 Zika virus cases were detected in Nigeria. 2007 occured the first biggest epidemy of Zika virus in Gabon and on the island Yap (?) The largest epidemy of Zika virus was monitored in Brazil in 2015.

References:

http://www.cdc.gov/zika/vector/range.html

http://www.cdc.gov/zika/geo/active-countries.html

https://www.iamat.org/country/indonesia/risk/zika-virus

http://www.bbc.com/news/health-35427491

http://www.slideshare.net/bonniefernley/session-3-mk-v1

https://www.cdc.gov/zika/geo/

http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/healthtopics/zika_virus_infection/zika-outbreak/pages/zika-countries-with-transmission.aspx

http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/healthtopics/zika_virus_infection/zika-outbreak/pages/zika-countries-with-transmission.aspx

http://www.who.int/emergencies/zika-virus/timeline/en/

http://www.who.int/emergencies/zika-virus/situation-report/21-july-2016/en/

6. The genetically modified mosquitoes from the Aedes egypti species are pathogenic agents of the Zika disease.

Many sources report, the genetically modified mosquitoes are infected with the pathogenic bacteria Wolbachia. The British company Oxitec mentiones on its website, that up to 60 % of all insects are infected with this bacteria Wolbachia by scientists somehow and somewhen. Thie infection with the bacteria Wolbachia is not a naturalcondition of these insect species. Consequently, it means, these insects were also genetically modified. A specialist from Thailand articlualted in 1998 , the dengue disease is a man made one and the mosquitoes are genetically modified. It is known , that the mosquitoes species, which transmitte the Zika disease, are responsible also for the dengue virus.

Diverse sources refer, the genetically modified male mosquitoes are also infected with the parasitic bacteria Wolbachia. Empirical medical studies have aproved, that the bactria Wolbachia increases, raises the Palsmodium infection in pathogen system, which means this bacteria cobtributes for the outbreak and blossom of the Zika disease implicitly. The Zika disease is a pathogen system and the parasitic bacteria Wolbachia suppport this system to break out.

The empirical medical study fund of Grant L. Hughes , Ana Rivero and Jason L. Resgon verifies , that the pathogenic bacteria Wolbachia increases Plasmodiums infections in mosquitoes and their population.

According to the scientists Grant L. Hughes, Ana Rivero and Jason L. Resgon and their empirical study fund from 2014, mosquitoes, which are the vectors of malaria among other plasmodium infections repsectively diseases, were infected with the pathogenic bacterial mediator Wolbachia purposefully in laboratories. Mosquitoes genetically engineered with the bacterial parasite Wolbachia are not natural. The insect parasites, injected with the Wolbachia infection, reproduce themselves more and infect people better with malaria for instance, assert the researchers. The Wolbachia infection in Anopheles is not common . It is an artificial one. It is created in laboratories. Other study from 2011 postulates, “Wolbachia infections are virulent and inhibit the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum in Anopheles gambiae”.

(https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21625582)

Another empirical research fund from 2013 affirms , “Wolbachia invades Anopheles stephensi populations and induces refractoriness to Plasmodium infection.

Anopheles mosquitoes (the vectors of human malaria parasites) are not naturally infected by Wolbachia [20][21], but artificial transfer of this bacterium between species can be accomplished in the laboratory”

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4091933/

An empirical study from 2013 testifies, the bacteria Wolbacia supports and stimulates the erruption of the West Nile Infection in the Culex mosquito.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4091933/

References:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4154766/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4091933/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4154766/citedby/

http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/science/2015/08/wolbachia_bacteria_in_aedes_aegypti_mosquitoes_biological_warfare_against.html

http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/science/2015/08/wolbachia_bacteria_in_aedes_aegypti_mosquitoes_biological_warfare_against.html

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4154766/

http://www.eliminatedengue.com/our-research/wolbachia

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4664976/

http://microbialcell.com/researcharticles/inhibition-of-zika-virus-by-wolbachia-in-aedes-aegypti

http://journals.plos.org/plospathogens/article?id=10.1371/journal.ppat.1004182http://pittsburgh.cbslocal.com/2016/08/17/dep-mosquitoes-capable-of-spreading-zika-found-in-3-local-counties/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4091933/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21625582

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4091933/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4154766/citedby/

7. Control and Prevention methodes

There are different control and protection methods, which governmental official reccommend in oder to reduce the population and range of the Zika spreading moosquitoes and to remain healthy. Protective clothin, netting, diverse repellents belong to the protective methods used against the Zika transmitting mosquitoes. Aerial spraying of insecticides and gentic control count as common mosquito control methods.

The Aerial spraying with insecticides in Miami, Florida declared itself as an ascertained effective controlling reductant methode of the population of the Zika carrying mosquitoes, despite the protests of some citizens from Florida.

The genetic control of Zika spreading musquitoes, proposed by the World Health Organization and the British company Oxitec did not reduce the population of the dengue, Zika and malaria carrying mosquitoes. On the contrary, since the free trial respectively the releasing of genetically modified male mosquitoes, infected with the pathogenic bacteria Wolbachia, a massive outbreak of the Zika virus can be observed and especially in Brazil.

Some science studies have described, above 40 essential oils could be used against the Zika carrying mosquitoes.The genetic control of these mosquitoes did not reduce the population of them, but de facto increased their population and the number of people, infected with Zika and dengue diseases. The empirical study of Amer and Mehlhorn detected , that 41 plants and 11 essential oil mixtures can be used as natural produced repellents against Aedes aegypti, the malaria vector, Anopheles stephensi and the Culex quinquefasciatus.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16642384

The Netherlands have developed an effective repellent against these dangerous insect species , which can be use also on babies with the aim to prevent mosquitoes bites and the Zika disease . There are diverse repellents against the pathogenic agents of Zika on the US market.

US health officials advice the public, citizens to supply themselves with bug sprays to prevent mosquito bites and viral dieases like Zika and the West Nile Viruses. Trisha Canlvo from the Consumer Reports named three insect repellents like Deet, oil of lemon eucalyptus, and Picaridin which can be use effectivelly against the Aedes and Culex mosquitoes even by pregnant women.

Governmental officials from Florida suggest the utilization of 4 different repellent against the Zika carrying Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes.

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine has iinvented two vaccines, which should prevent the Zika disease in humans.

Usually, medicines and vaccines have to be tested succefully, before they start to be used on citizens. Currently, it can’t be said, if these vaccines are 100 % safe for usage and have no side effects, negative impact on the health of humans.

References:

http://www.cbsnews.com/news/best-bug-sprays-for-fighting-zika/

http://www.floridahealth.gov/diseases-and-conditions/zika-virus/_documents/mos-prevention-qxp-02-16.pdf

http://www.cdc.gov/zika/vector/range.html

http://www.post-gazette.com/news/health/2016/10/03/University-of-Pittsburgh-announces-Zika-vaccine-success-with-mice/stories/201610030144

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16642384

8. Summarization and Conclusions

Zika transmitting mosquitoes have been genetically modified and purposefully infected with the pathogenic bacteria Wolbachia in laboratieries. It is not known, when certain scientists started this deadly experiments with these insect parasites, but there are more than enough death cases because of these genetically modification of mosquitoes. The dessimination of these species has increased , especially since 2015 because of the wrongly set up genetic control of these disease transmitting mosqutioes by the World Health Organisation, the British company Oxitec and not well deducated governmental officers and volunteers, who continue to produce and release genetically modified male mosquitoes, which are infected with the pathogenic bacteria Wolabachia and contributein this way to the break out of deadly viral diseases like Zika, dengue and malaria. The only effective way to reduce the population of these dangerous mosquitoes is to use aerial spraying on them with insecticides, which are not harmful for humans and to use repellents for body protection, which are based on herbal essential oils.

References:

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/who-backs-trials-of-bacteria-genetic-modification-to-fight-zika-mosquitoes/

http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2016/08/16/birth-defects-brazil-not-zika-virus.aspx

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/04/world/americas/birth-defects-in-brazil-may-be-over-reported-amid-zika-fears.html?_r=0

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/who-backs-trials-of-bacteria-genetic-modification-to-fight-zika-mosquitoes/

Genetically modified mosquitoes are the pathogenic agents of the Zika disease

by Petia Ganeva

Draft 1

1. Introduction

A significant onset of the Zika disease is obeserved around the world especially since 2015. While in 1970 only 9 countries suffered on this incurbale, mosquito transmutted virus, in 2015 already 100 states are plagued by mosquito borne Zika disease. Brazil, Central Ameria (?)and Malasia (?) are mostly) afflicted with the Zika virus. Somehow the non- native Zika carrying blood- .. insects have reached North America. 16 (?) states of the USA are hit by the Aedes aegypti and .. mosquitoes (CDA) , which dissemination is not common for these regions. Aedes aegupti and are ( feel) mostly in triopical …. countries at home. According to the German magazine ” Speigel”, these Zika carrying mosquitoes pose a threat to Europe in the meantime. The Zika virus is a very serious disease , which cause mycl// (?) , a birth of children with small heads and brain damages and there is no cure for this vey devastating plasmpdium infection as reported by governmental officials, doctors and scientiests. Therefore a group of scientists, maily from the British company Oxitec recommended to the FDA to use genetically modified mosquiotes to control resp, to reduce the reporduction of the Aedes aegypti species, which are infected with the patogenic bacteria Wolbachia. Employees from the British Company Oxitec stated in their web site, they do not work with genetically modified mosquitoes, which are infected with the parasitic bacteria Wolbachia. Nevetherless the population and the dissemination of the Zika carrying mosquitoes have increased and reached also north states of the US, where the weather is not ( predrazpoloagaEm 0 for these dangerous mosquitoes. Plenty of free trials were utilized in many contries to reduce the population of these mosquiotes species. Instead of suppressing their population and decreasing the erruption invasion of the Zika dieases, it occured the opposite.

Statistics- …Zika Cases were notified in Brazil, ..were reported in ..

2. The Role of the geneic modified mosquitoes within the Zika disease

Scienties mainly from the British company Oxitec suggested recommended a genetical control of the Zika carrying mosquites. Therefore, they starterd to produce in laboratories genetically modified male mosquitoes and to release them in the areas regions , where Zika carrying mosquitoes live/ circulate/ obitavam, prebvavam, ihabit.

To describe the process of genetical control according to these experts – which use Wolbachia infected mosquitoes , even if they categerocally decline the usage of such genetically modified mosquitoes to “suppress ” the population of the Zika carrying species.

Where and how are does it use this genetic control mostly and is it effective- ?

More Zika carrying mosquitoes circulate in these areas since the release of the genetically modfied male mosquitoes. More cases with Zika infected people are reported since then. Based on these disturbing , but true facts , which should not be ingnored at all, the genetic control ultilized by the British company and farmers in Brazil among others, appointed by governmental institution like the like the FDA in the USA has failed in his purposes to suppress the reproduction and control population of the Zika carrying mosquioto species via a gentical control.

To describe

the free trials, which were recommendend by the British company Oxitec and the FDA, while these governmental institutions unerline, the commecial usage of these genetically modified insects is not approved.

3. Genetic modification of mosquitoes

The British company Oxitec mentiones on its website, that up to 60 % of all insects” are infected with this bacteria bacteria by scientists somehow , somewheen. Thie infection with the bacteria Wolbachia is not a natural state, condition. Consequently, it means , these insects were also genetically modified. A specialist from Thailand articlualted in 1998 , the dengue disease is a man made one and the mosquitoes are genetically modfied. It is known , that the mosquitoes species , which transmute the Zika disease, are responsible also for the dengue virus.

4. Classification, Life Circle, Properties of the geneically modified and Zika carrying mosquiotoes

The Florida CDA identified two different species of the Aedes mosquitoes, the Aedes eagypti and Aedes abo , which carry , infect people with the Zika virus. Trisha Co..from the Consuper Reports brings up, refers the Culex mosquito as a pathogenic agent of the Zika and West Nile viruses too.

5. The Dessimination of the Zika carrying and genetically modified moesquiotes from the Aedes aegypti and .. species

Many sources state,, report the genetically modified mosquitoes are infected with the pathogenic bacteria Wolbachia. The British company Oxitec mentiones on its website, that up to 60 % of all insects” are infected with this bacteria bacteria by scientists somehow , somewheen. Thie infection with the bacteria Wolbachia is not a natural state, condition. Consequently, it means , these insects were also genetically modified. A specialist from Thailand articlualted in 1998 , the dengue disease is a man made one and the mosquitoes are genetically modfied. It is known , that the mosquitoes species , which transmute the Zika disease, are responsible also for the dengue virus.

6. The genetically modified mosquitoes from the Aedes egypti species are pathogenic agents of the Zika disease.

Many sources state,, report the genetically modified mosquitoes are infected with the pathogenic bacteria Wolbachia. The British company Oxitec mentiones on its website, that up to 60 % of all insects” are infected with this bacteria bacteria by scientists somehow , somewhen. Thie infection with the bacteria Wolbachia is not a natural state, condition. Consequently, it means , these insects were also genetically modified. A specialist from Thailand articlualted in 1998 , the dengue disease is a man made one and the mosquitoes are genetically modfied. It is known , that the mosquitoes species , which transmute the Zika disease, are responsible also for the dengue virus. ( The Economist)

Diverse sources refer, the genetically modified male mosquitoes are also infected with the parasitic bacteria Wolbachia. Several empirical medical studies prove, that the bactria Wolbachia increases, raises the Palsmodium infection in pathogen system, which means this bacteria cobtributes for the outbreak and blossom of the Zika disease implicitly. The Zika disease is a pathogen system and the parasitic bacteria Wolbachia suppport this system to erupt ( to burst, to break out)

to name some of these souces

7. Control and Prevention methodes

Some science surdies have described , above 40 essential oils could be used against the Zika carrying mosquitoes.The genetic control of these mosquitoes does not reduce the population of them, but de facto increase their offspring and the number of the Zika infected people.

Aerial spraying of insecticides in Miami, Florida ascertain itself as an effective control methodeof the population of the Zika carrying mosquitoes , despite the protests of some citizens from Florida.

The Netherlands have developed a repellent against these insect species , which can be use also on babies with the aim to prevent mosquitoes bites. There are repellents with lemon eucalyptus oil made in the USA used for the same purpose.

Two vaccines have been developed against the Zika disease in September (2) 2016. Have been they successfully tested before? Do they have side effects impact on the health of humans?

8. Summarization and Conclusions

References:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4154766/

http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/science/2015/08/wolbachia_bacteria_in_aedes_aegypti_mosquitoes_biological_warfare_against.html

http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/science/2015/08/wolbachia_bacteria_in_aedes_aegypti_mosquitoes_biological_warfare_against.html

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4154766/

http://www.eliminatedengue.com/our-research/wolbachia

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4664976/

http://microbialcell.com/researcharticles/inhibition-of-zika-virus-by-wolbachia-in-aedes-aegypti/http://journals.plos.org/plospathogens/article?id=10.1371/journal.ppat.1004182http://pittsburgh.cbslocal.com/2016/08/17/dep-mosquitoes-capable-of-spreading-zika-found-in-3-local-counties/

References

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2. Hedges LM, Brownlie JC, O’Neill SL, Johnson KN (2008) Wolbachia and virus protection in insects. Science 322: 702. [PubMed]

3. Kambris Z, Cook PE, Phuc HK, Sinkins SP (2009) Immune activation by life-shortening Wolbachia and reduced filarial competence in mosquitoes. Science 326: 134–136 [PMC free article] [PubMed]

4. Moreira LLA, Iturbe-Ormaetxe I, Jeffery JA, Lu G, Pyke AAT, et al. (2009) A Wolbachia symbiont in Aedes aegypti limits infection with Dengue, Chikungunya, and Plasmodium. Cell 139: 1268–1278[PubMed]

5. Hughes GL, Koga R, Xue P, Fukastu T, Rasgon JL (2011) Wolbachia infections are virulent and inhibit the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum in Anopheles gambiae. PLoS Pathog 7: e1002043. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

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10. Hoffmann AA, Montgomery BL, Popovici J, Iturbe-Ormaetxe I, Johnson PH, et al. (2011) Successful establishment of Wolbachia in Aedes populations to suppress dengue transmission. Nature 476: 454–457[PubMed]

11. Walker T, Johnson PH, Moreira LA, Iturbe-Ormaetxe I, Frentiu FD, et al. (2011) The wMel Wolbachia strain blocks dengue and invades caged Aedes aegypti populations. Nature 476: 450–453 [PubMed]

12. Graham RI, Grzywacz D, Mushobozi WL, Wilson K (2012) Wolbachia in a major African crop pest increases susceptibility to viral disease rather than protects. Ecol Lett 15: 993–1000 [PubMed]

13. Murdock CC, Blanford S, Hughes GL, Rasgon JL, Thomas MB (2013) Temperature alters malaria transmission blocking by Wolbachia. Sci Rep 4: 3932. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

14. Hughes GL, Vega-Rodriguez J, Xue P, Rasgon JL (2012) Wolbachia strain wAlbB enhances infection by the rodent malaria parasite Plasmodium berghei in Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes. Appl Environ Microbiol78: 1491–1495 [PMC free article] [PubMed]

15. Baton LA, Pacidônio EC, Gonçalves DDS, Moreira LA (2013) wFlu: characterization and evaluation of a native Wolbachia from the mosquito Aedes fluviatilis as a potential vector control agent. PLoS ONE 8: e59619. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

16. Zélé F, Nicot A, Berthomieu A, Weill M, Duron O, et al. (2013) Wolbachia increases susceptibility to Plasmodium infection in a natural system. Proc Biol Sci 281: 20132837. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

17. Hussain M, Lu G, Torres S, Edmonds JH, Kay BH, et al. (2013) Effect of Wolbachia on replication of West Nile virus in a mosquito cell line and adult mosquitoes. J Virol 87: 851–858 [PMC free article][PubMed]

18. Dodson BL, Hughes GL, Paul O, Matacchiero AC, Kramer LD, et al. (2014) Wolbachia Enhances West Nile Virus (WNV) Infection in the Mosquito Culex tarsalis. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 8: e2965. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

19. Walker T, Moreira LA (2011) Can Wolbachia be used to control malaria? Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 106 (Suppl. I): 212–217. [PubMed]

20. Ricci I, Cancrini G, Gabrielli S, D’Amelio S, Favi G (2002) Searching for Wolbachia (Rickettsiales: Rickettsiaceae) in mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae): large polymerase chain reaction survey and new identifications. J Med Entomol 39: 562–567 [PubMed]

21. Rasgon JL, Scott TW (2004) An initial survey for Wolbachia (Rickettsiales: Rickettsiaceae) infections in selected California mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae). J Med Entomol 41: 255–257 [PubMed]

22. Hughes GL, Rasgon JL (2014) Transinfection: a method to investigate Wolbachia-host interactions and control arthropod-borne disease. Insect Mol Biol 23: 141–151 [PMC free article] [PubMed]

23. Bian G, Xu Y, Lu P, Xie Y, Xi Z (2010) The endosymbiotic bacterium Wolbachia induces resistance to Dengue virus in Aedes aegypti. PLoS Pathog 6: e1000833. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

24. Baldini F, Segata N, Pompon J, Marcenac P, Robert Shaw W, et al. (2014) Evidence of natural Wolbachia infections in field populations of Anopheles gambiae.. Nat Commun 6: 3985. [PMC free article][PubMed]

25. Bian G, Joshi D, Dong Y, Lu P, Zhou G, et al. (2013) Wolbachia invades Anopheles stephensipopulations and induces refractoriness to Plasmodium infection. Science 340: 748–751 [PubMed]

26. Carlton JM, Escalante AA, Neafsey D, Volkman SK (2008) Comparative evolutionary genomics of human malaria parasites. Trends Parasitol 24: 545–550 [PubMed]

27. Martinsen ES, Perkins SL, Schall JJ (2008) A three-genome phylogeny of malaria parasites (Plasmodiumand closely related genera): evolution of life-history traits and host switches. Mol Phylogenet Evol 47: 261–273 [PubMed]

28. Korgaonkar NS, Kumar A, Yadav RS, Kabadi D, Dash AP (2012) Mosquito biting activity on humans & detection of Plasmodium falciparum infection in Anopheles stephensi in Goa, India. Indian J Med Res135: 120–126 [PMC free article] [PubMed]

29. Adak T, Singh OP, Das MK, Wattal S, Nanda N (2005) Comparative susceptibility of three important malaria vectors Anopheles stephensiAnopheles fluviatilis, and Anopheles sundaicus to Plasmodium vivax. J Parasitol 91: 79–82 [PubMed]

30. Boëte C (2005) Malaria parasites in mosquitoes: laboratory models, evolutionary temptation and the real world. Trends Parasitol 21: 445–447 [PubMed]

31. Zélé F, Nicot A, Duron O, Rivero A (2012) Infection with Wolbachia protects mosquitoes against Plasmodium-induced mortality in a natural system. J Evol Biol 25: 1243–1252 [PubMed]

32. Clancy DJ, Hoffmann AA (1997) Behavior of Wolbachia endosymbionts from Drosophila simulans in Drosophila serrata, a novel host. Am Nat 149: 975–988 [PubMed]

33. Suh E, Mercer D, Fu Y, Dobson SL (2009) Pathogenicity of life-shortening Wolbachia in Aedes albopictus after transfer from Drosophila melanogaster. Appl Env Microbiol 75: 7783–7788 [PMC free article] [PubMed]

34. Bouchon D, Rigaud T, Juchault P (1998) Evidence for widespread Wolbachia infection in isopod crustaceans: molecular identification and host feminization. Proc Biol Sci 265: 1081–1090 [PMC free article][PubMed]

35. McGraw EA, Merritt DJ, Droller JN, O’Neill SL (2002) Wolbachia density and virulence attenuation after transfer into a novel host. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99: 2918–2923 [PMC free article] [PubMed]

36. Weeks AR, Turelli M, Harcombe WR, Reynolds KT, Hoffmann AA (2007) From parasite to mutualist: rapid evolution of Wolbachia in natural populations of Drosophila. PLoS Biol 5: E114. [PMC free article][PubMed]

37. Turelli M (1994) Evolution of incompatibility-inducing microbes and their hosts. Evolution 48: 1500–1513

38. Carrington LB, Hoffmann AA, Weeks AR (2010) Monitoring long-term evolutionary changes following Wolbachia introduction into a novel host: the Wolbachia popcorn infection in Drosophila simulans. Proc Biol Sci 277: 2059–2068 [PMC free article] [PubMed]

39. Hughes GL, Samuels SK, Shaikh K, Rasgon JL, Vardo-Zalik AM (2014) Discrimination of the Plasmodium mexicanum vectors Lutzomyia stewarti and Lutzomyia vexator by a PCR-RFLP assay and Wolbachia infection. J Vector Ecol 39: 224–227 [PMC free article] [PubMed]

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ulhXKoc0WkY

http://journals.plos.org/plospathogens/article?id=10.1371/journal.ppat.1004182

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-a-tiny-bacterium-called-wolbachia-could-defeat-dengue/

http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/aedes-aegypti-mosquito-is-world-s-most-dangerous-animal-a-1103876.html

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-a-tiny-bacterium-called-wolbachia-could-defeat-dengue/

http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2016/04/genetically-modified-mosquitoes-zika/479793/

http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/science/2015/08/wolbachia_bacteria_in_aedes_aegypti_mosquitoes_biological_warfare_against.html

https://grandmageri422.me/2016/05/29/zika-virus-caused-by-sinister-bio-engineering-by-nwo-scientists-this-was-no-accident/comment-page-1/

http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/science/2015/08/wolbachia_bacteria_in_aedes_aegypti_mosquitoes_biological_warfare_against.html

http://pittsburgh.cbslocal.com/2016/08/17/dep-mosquitoes-capable-of-spreading-zika-found-in-3-local-counties/

http://www.post-gazette.com/news/health/2016/10/03/University-of-Pittsburgh-announces-Zika-vaccine-success-with-mice/stories/201610030144

http://pittsburgh.cbslocal.com/2016/08/17/dep-mosquitoes-capable-of-spreading-zika-found-in-3-local-counties/

http://wesa.fm/post/experts-say-zika-not-big-risk-pa-ticks-pose-bigger-threat

http://wesa.fm/post/experts-say-zika-not-big-risk-pa-ticks-pose-bigger-threat#stream/0

http://www.kidsburgh.org/what-your-family-needs-to-know-about-zika-virus/

http://www.oxitec.com/programmes/united-states/

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S222116911630291X

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S222116911630291X

http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/science/2015/08/wolbachia_bacteria_in_aedes_aegypti_mosquitoes_biological_warfare_against.html

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4154766/

http://www.eliminatedengue.com/our-research/wolbachia

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4664976/

http://microbialcell.com/researcharticles/inhibition-of-zika-virus-by-wolbachia-in-aedes-aegypti/http://journals.plos.org/plospathogens/article?id=10.1371/journal.ppat.1004182http://pittsburgh.cbslocal.com/2016/08/17/dep-mosquitoes-capable-of-spreading-zika-found-in-3-local-counties/

Introduction:

since 2015 the dissemination of the Zika Disease and the range of the Zika carrying mosquitoes Aedes eagypti have increased globally.

While the Zika disease was present in the 1970 ( which article) only 9 countries distrubuted!!!!, in 2015 already 100 states in the world meldeten Zika Faelle.

There are a massive outbreak of the Zika disease ( Ausbruch) and bigger dessimnation of the Zika carrying mosquitoes since 2015, after the company Oxitec started to release hundreds of thousands genetically modified male mosquitoes, infected with the pathogenic bacteria Wolbachia

… from the Aedes species too.

The Aedes species are non- native in the USA but since 2014 (?) they have populated this country too.

  • the existence of the mosquitoes Aedes Eagypti- are they all a gentical modification.
  • The genetically modified mosquitoes carry the virus, resp. the bacteria Wolbachia – accoording to the FDA (? ) I need an official statement
  • Wolbachia is good to reduce the dengue disease- while it is the opposite

Scientiest, doctors have proven empirical , that the following Wolbachia bacteria ” enhances” the pathogenic Zustand, resp.the disease

to better the content- better expressions, objectivity, no jokes:)

to use images and

diagrams from governmental and academical facilities

Wolbachia are bacteria that only live inside insect cells. This bacterium occurs naturally in up to 60 per cent of all insect species, including butterflies, dragonflies ..- and what about the birds , which eat them?

However, a worrying trend is emerging whereby Wolbachia infections have been demonstrated to enhance rather than suppress pathogens in some systems [12][18]Plasmodium parasites, which are the causal agent of malaria, seem particularly prone to Wolbachia-mediated pathogen enhancement 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4154766/

 

 

However, a worrying trend is emerging whereby Wolbachia infections have been demonstrated to enhance rather than suppress pathogens in some systems [12]–[18]. Plasmodium parasites, which are the causal agent of malaria, seem particularly prone to Wolbachia-mediated pathogen enhancement

 

Wolbachia – Eliminate Dengue

http://www.eliminatedengue.com/faqs/index/type/wolbachia

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Wolbachia are bacteria that only live inside insect cells. This bacterium occurs naturally in up to 60 per cent of all insect species, including butterflies, dragonflies …

How a Tiny Bacterium Called Wolbachia Could Defeat Dengue …

https://www.scientificamerican.com/…/how-a-tiny-bacterium-call…

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Scientists are fighting dengue fever with the help of Wolbachia, a common bacterium that stops the virus from replicating inside the mosquitoes that transmit the …

 

http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/science/2015/08/wolbachia_bacteria_in_aedes_aegypti_mosquitoes_biological_warfare_against.html

 

Zika virus outbreak exactly where genetically modified mosquitoes were released in 2015

Zika virus outbreak exactly where genetically modified mosquitoes were released in 2015

 

Wolbachia Can Enhance Plasmodium Infection in Mosquitoes – NCBI

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov › … › Literature › PubMed Central (PMC) – Diese Seite übersetzen

von GL Hughes – ‎2014 – ‎Zitiert von: 10 – ‎Ähnliche Artikel

04.09.2014 – Plasmodium parasites, which are the causal agent of malaria, seem particularly prone to Wolbachia-mediated pathogen enhancement …

Wolbachia Can Enhance Plasmodium Infection in Mosquitoes – NCBI

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov › … › PubMed Central (PMC) – Μετάφραση αυτής της σελίδας

από GL Hughes – ‎2014 – ‎Γίνεται αναφορά σε 10 – ‎Σχετικά άρθρα

4 Σεπ 2014 – The symbiotic bacterium Wolbachia is an attractive agent for vector-borne pathogen control. It has long been studied for its ability to manipulate …

Wolbachia can enhance Plasmodium infection in mosquitoes – NCBI

www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25187984 – Μετάφραση αυτής της σελίδας

από GL Hughes – ‎2014 – ‎Γίνεται αναφορά σε 10 – ‎Σχετικά άρθρα

PLoS Pathog. 2014 Sep 4;10(9):e1004182. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1004182. eCollection 2014. Wolbachia can enhance Plasmodium infection in mosquitoes: …

The Impact of Wolbachia on Virus Infection in Mosquitoes – NCBI

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov › … › PubMed Central (PMC)

Μετάφραση αυτής της σελίδας

από KN Johnson – ‎2015 – ‎Γίνεται αναφορά σε 6 – ‎Σχετικά άρθρα

4 Νοε 2015 – Wolbachia infection can have a wide range of impacts on insects [9]. ….. enhancementof plasmodium infection in mosquitoes [84,91,92,93].

Wolbachia Enhances West Nile Virus (WNV) Infection in the Mosquito …

journals.plos.org/plosntds/article?id=10.1371/journal…

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από BL Dodson – ‎2014 – ‎Γίνεται αναφορά σε 40 – ‎Σχετικά άρθρα

10 Ιουλ 2014 – Hughes GL, Rivero A, Rasgon JL (2014) Wolbachia can enhance Plasmodium infection in mosquitoes: Implications for malaria control?

Wolbachia Can Enhance Plasmodium Infection in Mosquitoes …

https://archive.org/details/pubmed-PMC4154766

Μετάφραση αυτής της σελίδας

Wolbachia Can Enhance Plasmodium Infection in Mosquitoes: Implications for Malaria Control? Item Preview. Internet Archive BookReader – Wolbachia Can …

Wolbachia can enhance Plasmodium infection in mosquitoes …

search.bvsalud.org/ghl/resource/en/mdl-25187984

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Wolbachia can enhance Plasmodium infection in mosquitoes: implications for malaria … Wolbachia infections are virulent and inhibit the human malaria parasite …

Evidence of natural Wolbachia infections in field populations of …

http://www.nature.com › Nature Communications › Articles

Μετάφραση αυτής της σελίδας

από F Baldini – ‎2014 – ‎Γίνεται αναφορά σε 30 – ‎Σχετικά άρθρα

6 Ιουν 2014 – Experimental Wolbachia infections can reduce Plasmodium numbers in … Malaria-transmitting Anopheles mosquitoes are the deadliest animals on this … (NCBI and SILVA) and from the sequences obtained in this study. ….. The mapping was performed with enhanced sensitivity (score-min L,-1.0,-1.0 -D 25 …

Wolbachia Strain wAlbB Enhances Infection by the Rodent Malaria …

aem.asm.org/content/78/5/1491.full

Μετάφραση αυτής της σελίδας

από GL Hughes – ‎2012 – ‎Γίνεται αναφορά σε 36 – ‎Σχετικά άρθρα

In many cases, Wolbachia can directly or indirectly enhance the fitness of its host (4, 11, 12, 36, 39), which … Mosquitoes somatically infected with Wolbachia by adult microinjection also exhibit this phenotype (18, 21). …. Plasmodium berghei oocyst counts from midguts of Wolbachiainfected mosquitoes. ….. No NCBI links …

Wolbachia can enhance Plasmodium infection in … – Europe PMC

europepmc.org/abstract/med/25187984 – Μετάφραση αυτής της σελίδας

από GL Hughes – ‎2014 – ‎Γίνεται αναφορά σε 10 – ‎Σχετικά άρθρα

Wolbachia can enhance Plasmodium infection in mosquitoes: implications for … BioEntities Biological entities annotated by the EMBL EBI and NCBI teams …

Wolbachia small noncoding RNAs and their role in cross-kingdom …

http://www.pnas.org/content/111/52/18721.full.pdf

Μετάφραση αυτής της σελίδας

από JG Mayoral – ‎2014 – ‎Γίνεται αναφορά σε 10 – ‎Σχετικά άρθρα

30 Δεκ 2014 – the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum in an im- … up-regulated in Wolbachiainfected mosquitoes positively regu- … pression Omnibus (GEO) database, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo (accession ….. The increase was consistent with … regulatory small RNAs that can affect bacterial and host gene.

Insect Repellent Family Spray – 100ml – MosquitNo

https://www.mosquitno.de/insect-repellent-family-spray

Saltidin® (20%); Aloë Vera Crème; Effective against the Aedes mosquito which transmits diseases like MalariaDengue, Chikungunya and Zika. 100% Deet free

Mixture of olive oil and Aloe vera gel: A natural mosquito repellent and …

https://www.researchgate.net/…/308632364_Mixture_of_olive_oil_and_Aloe_vera_gel_…

06.09.2016 – Olive oil was mixed with the Aloe vera gel and sample was prepared in different concentrations. … like DengueMalariaZika virus, Arbovirus and others. …. medicinal plant Eucalyptus Leaf extracts against Anopheles.

Protect Yourself from Zika, Malaria, Dengue Fever | First Light …

http://www.firstlightorganics.com.au › Blog

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17.08.2016 – Protect Yourself from ZikaMalariaDengue Fever & other Nasty Mosquito … your family as a form of “protection” against mosquitoes may not be worth the … with soap and water and apply Synthesis Organics Aloe Herbal Gel.

Mosquito Diseases – Mosquito World

http://www.mosquitoworld.net/when-mosquitoes-bite/diseases/

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The Zika virus is typically transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mosquito, but it … dengue fever and Chikungunya, may also be capable of transmitting the Zika virus. … prevent mosquito bites as the best and only protection against the disease. … About 80 percent of those infected show no symptoms at all, according to the CDC.

Malaria – Nature Cures

http://www.naturecures.co.uk/malaria.htm

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Weiter zu Zika virus – Aloe vera, coconut water, pineapple juice and radish juice (prevent … the immune system to help fight against mosquito borne infections. … During the rainy season, when malaria and dengue fever are widely …

Zika found in wild mosquitoes; US reviews Wolbachia use | CIDRAP

http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news…/05/zika-found-wild-mosquitoes-us-reviews-wolbachia-use

24.05.2016 – Zika found in wild mosquitoes; US reviews Wolbachia use … they infect people and die before people present for care for disease symptoms.

Small Things Considered: Wolbachia Infection: A Good Thing?

schaechter.asmblog.org/…/wolbachiainfection-a-good-thing.htm…

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von M Youle – ‎Ähnliche Artikel

05.01.2009 – If this were the only factor, the percentage of Wolbachiainfected hosts would decrease with each generation. In the course of time, the symbiont …

Wolbachia – Eliminate Dengue

http://www.eliminatedengue.com/faqs/index/type/wolbachia

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Wolbachia infected female mosquitoes do not suffer from this effect and produce normal numbers of offspring – which carry Wolbachia. Initially, this reproductive …

WerrenLab-WolbachiaBiology – University of Rochester

https://www.rochester.edu/…/WerrenLab-WolbachiaBiology.html

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Wolbachia are common intracellular bacteria that are found in arthropods and nematodes. … Males can be infected with Wolbachia but males DO NOT transmit …

Variable fitness effects of Wolbachia infection in Drosophila – NCBI

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15305172

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von AJ Fry – ‎2004 – ‎Zitiert von: 146 – ‎Ähnliche Artikel

Heredity (Edinb). 2004 Oct;93(4):379-89. Variable fitness effects of Wolbachia infection in Drosophila melanogaster. Fry AJ(1), Palmer MR, Rand DM.

Wolbachia infection and the expression of cytoplasmic incompatibility …

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14511562

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von HA Kassem – ‎2003 – ‎Zitiert von: 12 – ‎Ähnliche Artikel

Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2003 Sep;97(6):639-44. Wolbachia infection and the expression of cytoplasmic incompatibility in sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) from 

However, it is not usually found in the Aedes aegypti mosquito, the primary species responsible for transmitting human viruses such as dengue, chikungunya, and Zika.

For many years scientists have been studying Wolbachia, looking for ways to use it to potentially control the mosquitoes that spread human diseases.

Wolbachia

Wolbachia is a natural bacterium present in up to 60% of all the different species of insects around us, including some mosquitoes.

However, it is not usually found in the Aedes aegypti mosquito, the primary species responsible for transmitting human viruses such as dengue, chikungunya, and Zika.

For many years scientists have been studying Wolbachia, looking for ways to use it to potentially control the mosquitoes that spread human diseases.

Our research has shown that when introduced into the Aedes aegypti mosquito, Wolbachia can stop these viruses from growing inside the mosquito and being transmitted to people. This important discovery has the potential to transform the fight against life-threatening viral diseases.

Wolbachiais safe for humans, animals and the environment. It is a naturally occurring bacterium already found in the environment in many insect species. Two independent risk assessments have been conducted, both of which gave an overall risk rating of ‘negligible’ (the lowest possible rating) for the release of mosquitoes with Wolbachia.

Alternative uses of Wolbachia

Other researchers are experimenting with Wolbachia as a means of suppressing Aedes mosquito populations. This approach involves the release of only male mosquitoes with Wolbachia. When these mosquitoes mate with wild female mosquitoes without Wolbachia, they are unable to reproduce. The technique requires the release of a large number of male mosquitoes to reduce the overall mosquito population. As with insecticides, this technique would need to be reapplied over time as the population of mosquitoes gradually returns. 

 

In contrast to this approach, the Eliminate Dengue Program is not trying to reduce the overall number of mosquitoes. Our aim is to spread Wolbachia into wild mosquito populations to reduce the ability of these mosquitoes to transmit disease. We release a smaller number of male and female mosquitoes with Wolbachia over a number of weeks and these mosquitoes then mate with the wild mosquito population. As the bacteria is passed on from generation to generation and over time, the percentage of mosquitoes carrying Wolbachia grows until it remains high without any further releases. Mosquitoes with Wolbachia are less able to transmit viruses to people, so the risk of outbreaks in those areas is reduced.

 

Our research has shown that Wolbachia can sustain itself in mosquito populations without continual reapplication, which makes this method sustainable and cost-effective in the long-term. We are currently adapting our approach for use in large, urban environments and targeting a cost of US$1 per person. 

http://www.eliminatedengue.com/our-research/wolbachia

 

MAIN EVIDENCES:

Man Made Mosquitoes- genetically engineered

But the mosquitoes that Fornitan will release into the wild this morning were bred in a laboratory. And they possess an artificial genetic modification that will be passed on during mating. That gene produces a protein called tTAV, which will ensure that the mosquitoes’ larvae will die before reaching adulthood.

http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/aedes-aegypti-mosquito-is-world-s-most-dangerous-animal-a-1103876.html

Fighting the Most Dangerous Animal in the World

The Aedes aegypti mosquito, which carries Zika, dengue fever and other illnesses, appears unstoppable. It is posing a unique threat to this year’s Olympic Games in Rio and is rapidly spreading around the world. Europe, too, is at risk.

This man is innocent and the they want him to commit a suicide!

http://www.stopeg.com

These MALE musquitoes , which carry the pathogenic bacteria WOLBACHIA help the FEMALE ones to produce more ZIKA , dengue, malaria carrying mosquitoes, does not suppress the population of them!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

But the mosquitoes that Fornitan will release into the wild this morning were bred in a laboratory. And they possess an artificial genetic modification that will be passed on during mating. That gene produces a protein called tTAV, which will ensure that the mosquitoes’ larvae will die before reaching adulthood.

http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/aedes-aegypti-mosquito-is-world-s-most-dangerous-animal-a-1103876.html

Fighting the Most Dangerous Animal in the World

The Aedes aegypti mosquito, which carries Zika, dengue fever and other illnesses, appears unstoppable. It is posing a unique threat to this year’s Olympic Games in Rio and is rapidly spreading around the world. Europe, too, is at risk.

But the mosquitoes that Fornitan will release into the wild this morning were bred in a laboratory. And they possess an artificial genetic modification that will be passed on during mating. That gene produces a protein called tTAV, which will ensure that the mosquitoes’ larvae will die before reaching adulthood.

http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/aedes-aegypti-mosquito-is-world-s-most-dangerous-animal-a-1103876.html

Fighting the Most Dangerous Animal in the World

The Aedes aegypti mosquito, which carries Zika, dengue fever and other illnesses, appears unstoppable. It is posing a unique threat to this year’s Olympic Games in Rio and is rapidly spreading around the world. Europe, too, is at risk.

http://www.economist.com/node/161604

a Thai specialist on the disease, the infected Aedes aegypti is “a man-made mosquito”.

http://www.economist.com/node/161604

Wolbachia are bacteria that live within insect cells and are passed from one generation to the next through the insect’s eggs. Wolbachia is present in up to 60% of all the different species of insects. However Wolbachia is not naturally occurring in Aedes aegypti. Some academic groups have engineered Aedes aegypti strains to carry Wolbachia. The hypothesis is that Wolbachia infected Aedes aegypti are less able to transmit dengue than naturally occurring Aedes aegypti.  To be effective the plan is that the Wolbachia-infected mosquitoes are released into the environment with the intention that, in time, they will replace the naturally present species. Trials are being carried out in a number of countries.

Oxitec does not work on Wolbachia infected mosquitoes.

http://www.oxitec.com/faqs/what-is-wolbachia-and-are-you-working-on-this/

Wolbachia are bacteria that only live inside insect cells. This bacterium occurs naturally in up to 60 per cent of all insect species, including butterflies, dragonflies ..- and what about the birds , which eat them?

However, a worrying trend is emerging whereby Wolbachia infections have been demonstrated to enhance rather than suppress pathogens in some systems [12][18]Plasmodium parasites, which are the causal agent of malaria, seem particularly prone to Wolbachia-mediated pathogen enhancement 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4154766/

 

 

However, a worrying trend is emerging whereby Wolbachia infections have been demonstrated to enhance rather than suppress pathogens in some systems [12]–[18]. Plasmodium parasites, which are the causal agent of malaria, seem particularly prone to Wolbachia-mediated pathogen enhancement

 

Wolbachia – Eliminate Dengue

http://www.eliminatedengue.com/faqs/index/type/wolbachia

Diese Seite übersetzen

Wolbachia are bacteria that only live inside insect cells. This bacterium occurs naturally in up to 60 per cent of all insect species, including butterflies, dragonflies …

How a Tiny Bacterium Called Wolbachia Could Defeat Dengue …

https://www.scientificamerican.com/…/how-a-tiny-bacterium-call…

Diese Seite übersetzen

Scientists are fighting dengue fever with the help of Wolbachia, a common bacterium that stops the virus from replicating inside the mosquitoes that transmit the …

Zika virus outbreak linked to release of genetically engineered …

http://www.naturalnews.com/052824_Zika_virus_genetically_engineer…

Diese Seite übersetzen

01.02.2016 – The Aedes aegypti mosquito sub-species that carries both the Zika virus and dengue … Once offspring are produced, the modified, scientific facet is supposed to ….. Add men to that and you get a number close to 1.000.000.

MAIN EVIDENCES FOR MY ARTICLE

But the mosquitoes that Fornitan will release into the wild this morning were bred in a laboratory. And they possess an artificial genetic modification that will be passed on during mating. That gene produces a protein called tTAV, which will ensure that the mosquitoes’ larvae will die before reaching adulthood.

http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/aedes-aegypti-mosquito-is-world-s-most-dangerous-animal-a-1103876.html

Fighting the Most Dangerous Animal in the World

The Aedes aegypti mosquito, which carries Zika, dengue fever and other illnesses, appears unstoppable. It is posing a unique threat to this year’s Olympic Games in Rio and is rapidly spreading around the world. Europe, too, is at risk.

This man is innocent and the they want him to commit a sacrifice !

http://www.stopeg.com

These MALE musquitoes , which carry the pathogenic bacteria WOLBACHIA help the FEMALE ones to produce more ZIKA , dengue, malaria carrying mosquitoes, does not suppress the population of them!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

But the mosquitoes that Fornitan will release into the wild this morning were bred in a laboratory. And they possess an artificial genetic modification that will be passed on during mating. That gene produces a protein called tTAV, which will ensure that the mosquitoes’ larvae will die before reaching adulthood.

http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/aedes-aegypti-mosquito-is-world-s-most-dangerous-animal-a-1103876.html

Fighting the Most Dangerous Animal in the World

The Aedes aegypti mosquito, which carries Zika, dengue fever and other illnesses, appears unstoppable. It is posing a unique threat to this year’s Olympic Games in Rio and is rapidly spreading around the world. Europe, too, is at risk.

But the mosquitoes that Fornitan will release into the wild this morning were bred in a laboratory. And they possess an artificial genetic modification that will be passed on during mating. That gene produces a protein called tTAV, which will ensure that the mosquitoes’ larvae will die before reaching adulthood.

http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/aedes-aegypti-mosquito-is-world-s-most-dangerous-animal-a-1103876.html

Fighting the Most Dangerous Animal in the World

The Aedes aegypti mosquito, which carries Zika, dengue fever and other illnesses, appears unstoppable. It is posing a unique threat to this year’s Olympic Games in Rio and is rapidly spreading around the world. Europe, too, is at risk.

http://www.economist.com/node/161604

a Thai specialist on the disease, the infected Aedes aegypti is “a man-made mosquito”.

http://www.economist.com/node/161604

Wolbachia are bacteria that live within insect cells and are passed from one generation to the next through the insect’s eggs. Wolbachia is present in up to 60% of all the different species of insects. However Wolbachia is not naturally occurring in Aedes aegypti. Some academic groups have engineered Aedes aegypti strains to carry Wolbachia. The hypothesis is that Wolbachia infected Aedes aegypti are less able to transmit dengue than naturally occurring Aedes aegypti.  To be effective the plan is that the Wolbachia-infected mosquitoes are released into the environment with the intention that, in time, they will replace the naturally present species. Trials are being carried out in a number of countries.

Oxitec does not work on Wolbachia infected mosquitoes.

http://www.oxitec.com/faqs/what-is-wolbachia-and-are-you-working-on-this/

Wolbachia are bacteria that only live inside insect cells. This bacterium occurs naturally in up to 60 per cent of all insect species, including butterflies, dragonflies ..- and what about the birds , which eat them?

However, a worrying trend is emerging whereby Wolbachia infections have been demonstrated to enhance rather than suppress pathogens in some systems [12]–[18]. Plasmodium parasites, which are the causal agent of malaria, seem particularly prone to Wolbachia-mediated pathogen enhancement 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4154766/

However, a worrying trend is emerging whereby Wolbachia infections have been demonstrated to enhance rather than suppress pathogens in some systems [12]–[18]. Plasmodium parasites, which are the causal agent of malaria, seem particularly prone to Wolbachia-mediated pathogen enhancement

Wolbachia – Eliminate Dengue

http://www.eliminatedengue.com/faqs/index/type/wolbachia

Diese Seite übersetzen

Wolbachia are bacteria that only live inside insect cells. This bacterium occurs naturally in up to 60 per cent of all insect species, including butterflies, dragonflies …

How a Tiny Bacterium Called Wolbachia Could Defeat Dengue …

https://www.scientificamerican.com/…/how-a-tiny-bacterium-call…

Diese Seite übersetzen

Scientists are fighting dengue fever with the help of Wolbachia, a common bacterium that stops the virus from replicating inside the mosquitoes that transmit the …

Zika virus outbreak linked to release of genetically engineered …

http://www.naturalnews.com/052824_Zika_virus_genetically_engineer…

Diese Seite übersetzen

01.02.2016 – The Aedes aegypti mosquito sub-species that carries both the Zika virus and dengue … Once offspring are produced, the modified, scientific facet is supposed to ….. Add men to that and you get a number close to 1.000.000.

GM Mosquitoes Set To Be Released In Brazil To Combat Dengue …

http://www.iflscience.com/…/gm-mosquitoes-set-be-released-brazil-co…

Diese Seite übersetzen

GM Mosquitoes Set To Be Released In Brazil To Combat Dengue. 29065 … One of Oxitec’s Aedes aegypti male mosquitoes. …. Wolbachia is estimated to be naturally present in around 60% of insect species, but not the mosquitoes involved in …

Fighting dengue with genetically modified mosquitoes, Singapore …

http://www.straitstimes.com/…/fighting-dengue-with-genetically-modifi…

Diese Seite übersetzen

22.01.2016 – To suppress the wild Aedes aegypti mosquito population …. lethal ovitraps, GM mosquitoes and Wolbachia-infected Aedes, could play a …

Inside the Mosquito Factory That Could Stop Dengue and Zika

https://www.technologyreview.com/…/inside-the-mosquito-factor…

Diese Seite übersetzen

17.02.2016 – Genetically modified mosquitoes seem to stop the spread of disease—but … containers filled with genetically modified male Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. … using mosquitoes infected with a bacterium, Wolbachia, that seems to …

A California City Is Fending Off Zika by Releasing 40,000 Mosquitoes …

https://www.wired.com/…/california-city-fending-off-zika-releasi…

Diese Seite übersetzen

04.08.2016 – If the Wolbachia-infected Aedes aegypti work in Clovis, approval for that …. who confused the Wolbachia mosquitoes with genetically modified …

How a Tiny Bacterium Called Wolbachia Could Defeat Dengue …

https://www.scientificamerican.com/…/how-a-tiny-bacterium-call…

Diese Seite übersetzen

Instead researchers infect the mosquito with Wolbachia in the laboratory and then … has been to attack Aedes aegypti, the mosquito that transmits the virus. …. One entails releasing male mosquitoes that have been genetically modified so tha

Wolbachia are bacteria that only live inside insect cells. This bacterium occurs naturally in up to 60 per cent of all insect species, including butterflies, dragonflies ..- and what about the birds , which eat them?

However, a worrying trend is emerging whereby Wolbachia infections have been demonstrated to enhance rather than suppress pathogens in some systems [12]–[18]. Plasmodium parasites, which are the causal agent of malaria, seem particularly prone to Wolbachia-mediated pathogen enhancement 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4154766/

However, a worrying trend is emerging whereby Wolbachia infections have been demonstrated to enhance rather than suppress pathogens in some systems [12]–[18]. Plasmodium parasites, which are the causal agent of malaria, seem particularly prone to Wolbachia-mediated pathogen enhancement

Wolbachia – Eliminate Dengue

http://www.eliminatedengue.com/faqs/index/type/wolbachia

Diese Seite übersetzen

Wolbachia are bacteria that only live inside insect cells. This bacterium occurs naturally in up to 60 per cent of all insect species, including butterflies, dragonflies …

How a Tiny Bacterium Called Wolbachia Could Defeat Dengue …

https://www.scientificamerican.com/…/how-a-tiny-bacterium-call…

Diese Seite übersetzen

Scientists are fighting dengue fever with the help of Wolbachia, a common bacterium that stops the virus from replicating inside the mosquitoes that transmit the …

Genetically modified Mosquitoes are the pathogenic agents of the Zika Disease

Genetically modified Mosquitoes are the pathogenic agents of the Zika Disease

a theoretical study  by Petia Ganeva

Genetically Modified Mosquitoes are the pathogenic agents of the Zika Disease

Structure

Abstract: At last

  1. Introduction

  2. The Role of the Genetically modified mosquitoes withhin the Zika disease-

– Genetically modified male mosquitoes with the bacteria Wolbachia are used to control resp, to reduce the population of the Aedes eagypti mosquitoes, which carry the Zika Virus.

    1. Classification , Life Cycle and Properties of the Zika carrying moesquitoes

    2. Range of the Aedes Moesquioes in the world

    3. Genetic Modification of Mosquitoes- since when?what for ? Who?

    4. The Genetic Modified Mosquitoes ,….and ,,, are the pathogenic agents of the diases Zika

      These genetic modified mosquitoes, which carry the bacteria Wolbachia ” enhance” the Plasmodius infection resp the virus Zika- statements from empirical research studies

    5. Control and Abetment of the Zika carrying mosquitoes

    6. Summarization and Conclusions

      to combat Zika carrying mosquitoes with male musquitoes , which are genetically modfied and carry the pathogenic bacteria Wolbachia, that intensifies the virus, is wrong,. It increases the reptoduction of the Zika carrying mosquitoes and in this way the number of infected human also increased. The dessimination of these parasitic insects enlarges. While only 9 countries were infected with the Zika disease in the 1970, today already 100 states in the world suffer on this Zika virus ( thanks to the wrongly, falsely because of the inadequate usage of genetically modfied Zika, Wolbachia carrying male mosquitoes to control the population of the Aedes eagypti Zika borne insect species.

The Zika virus, now spreading with unbridled ferocity, appears to have been caused by the release of genetically engineered mosquitoes that scientists hoped would sharply reduce malaria infections.

https://grandmageri422.me/2016/05/29/zika-virus-caused-by-sinister-bio-engineering-by-nwo-scientists-this-was-no-accident/comment-page-1/

Wolbachia infections have been demonstrated to enhance rather than suppress pathogens in some systems [12]–[18]. Plasmodium parasites, which are the causal agent of malaria, seem particularly prone to Wolbachia-mediated pathogen enhancement [13]–[16].

http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/science/2015/08/wolbachia_bacteria_in_aedes_aegypti_mosquitoes_biological_warfare_against.html

 

 

Wolbachia Can Enhance Plasmodium Infection in Mosquitoes – NCBI

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov › … › Literature › PubMed Central (PMC) – Diese Seite übersetzen

von GL Hughes – ‎2014 – ‎Zitiert von: 10 – ‎Ähnliche Artikel

04.09.2014 – Plasmodium parasites, which are the causal agent of malaria, seem particularly prone to Wolbachia-mediated pathogen enhancement …

 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4154766/

Wolbachia – Eliminate Dengue

http://www.eliminatedengue.com/faqs/index/type/wolbachia

1.

Diese Seite übersetzen

Wolbachia are bacteria that only live inside insect cells. This bacterium occurs naturally in up to 60 per cent of all insect species, including butterflies, dragonflies ..- and what about the birds , which eat them?

However, a worrying trend is emerging whereby Wolbachia infections have been demonstrated to enhance rather than suppress pathogens in some systems [12][18]Plasmodium parasites, which are the causal agent of malaria, seem particularly prone to Wolbachia-mediated pathogen enhancement 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4154766/

 

 

However, a worrying trend is emerging whereby Wolbachia infections have been demonstrated to enhance rather than suppress pathogens in some systems [12]–[18]. Plasmodium parasites, which are the causal agent of malaria, seem particularly prone to Wolbachia-mediated pathogen enhancement

 

Wolbachia – Eliminate Dengue

http://www.eliminatedengue.com/faqs/index/type/wolbachia

Diese Seite übersetzen

Wolbachia are bacteria that only live inside insect cells. This bacterium occurs naturally in up to 60 per cent of all insect species, including butterflies, dragonflies …

Wolbachia Can Enhance Plasmodium Infection in Mosquitoes – NCBI

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov › … › Literature › PubMed Central (PMC) – Diese Seite übersetzen

von GL Hughes – ‎2014 – ‎Zitiert von: 10 – ‎Ähnliche Artikel

04.09.2014 – Plasmodium parasites, which are the causal agent of malaria, seem particularly prone to Wolbachia-mediated pathogen enhancement …

 

OPERATION DEPOPULATION! Zika Virus On The Move!

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ulhXKoc0WkY

 

Zika virus outbreak exactly where genetically modified mosquitoes were released in 2015

 

Zika virus outbreak exactly where genetically … – Hang The Bankers

www.hangthebankers.com/zika-virus-outbreak-genetically-modif..

Focus on the Insects-

a paper for the BIOLOGY Journal RADOX

by Petia Ganeva

              1. Introduction= the topic of this theoretical approach

              2. The Zika Disease- symptoms , patterns, description of the disease, when and how does it start. Since when does it exist? First cases? Death cases? Dissemination ( Verbreitung ) of this disease in the world.

              3. The Role of the Genetically Modfied Mosquitoes within the Zika Disease

              4. The Genetically Modfied Mosquitoes by the company Oxitec are the pathogenic agents of the Zika Disease

              5. Peroration ( Summarization) and Conclusions

                Genetically modified mosquitoes are pathogenic agents of the disease Zika

  1. Structure

    1. Indtroduction- presenting the topic of the theoretical approach

    2. The Zika Disease- Symptoms, Patttern- Verlauf, Vebreitung( Dissemination) , Cases( First Cases Death Cases), Ausbruch. Since when does this disease exist?

    3. The role ( the impact) of gentically modified mosquitoes within the Zika Disease ( on Zika Disease)

    4.The Mosquitoes in our enviroment

    Biological pattern

    5. Genetic modification of mosquitoes

      1. Genetic modification of insects

      2. Genetic modification of mosquitoes

      3. The process of genetic modification of mosquitoes

      4. Phenotypes and properties of genetic modified mosquitoes

    6. Genetically modified mosquitoes are pathogenic agents of the Zika disease

    https://www.cdc.gov/zika/vector/index.html

    7. Abetment of the insect- like pathogenenic agents of the Zika disease

    https://www.cdc.gov/zika/vector/aerial-spraying.html

    https://www.cdc.gov/zika/vector/aerial-spraying.html

    8. Summarization and Conclusions

    Literaturhinweise:

    Citing with quotes

    References:

    https://www.cdc.gov/zika/

    https://www.cdc.gov/zika/vector/index.html

Government of Florida:

“mosquitoes that carry the Zika virus

https://www.cdc.gov/zika/vector/aerial-spraying.html

https://www.cdc.gov/zika/laboratories/index.html

Zika mosquitoes Identification and Classification

Potential and real Range of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus in countries

in the United States.

the potential range of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus in the United States.

How to identify the mosquitoes that spread Zika and dengue …

http://www.businessinsider.com/identify-mosquitoes-diseases-zika-viru…

Diese Seite übersetzen

08.02.2016 – Malaria alone infected 214 million people in 2015, causing 438,000 deaths. Not one but 40 different species of mosquitoes can transmit …

Es fehlt: classification

The Zika Mosquito: What Makes Aedes Aegypti So Dangerous? – The …

http://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2016/04/aedes…/479619/

Diese Seite übersetzen

25.04.2016 – The bug at the center of the Zika outbreak, Aedes aegypti, loves humans, hides under beds, and can breed practically anywhere.

Estimated range of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus in the US – CDC

http://www.cdc.gov › Zika Virus Home › Mosquito Control

Diese Seite übersetzen

02.08.2016 – Aedes aegyptimosquitoes are more likely to spread viruses like Zika, dengue, chikungunya and other viruses than other types of mosquitoes …

Transmission | Zika virus | CDC

http://www.cdc.gov › Zika Virus Home

Diese Seite übersetzen

27.08.2016 – Zika virus is transmitted to people primarily through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito (Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus). These are ..

.

Conclusions

With the sudden emergence of Zika virus as an evolving epidemic, we are confronted with the need to simultaneously study and understand a new disease, and to develop countermeasures. In many ways Zika presents a much more complex challenge than Ebola, and it may impact more lives. It is vector borne, and therefore its range of transmission will be determined by vector ecosystem. Limiting movement or contact of people cannot significantly contain it. Acute infection may be unapparent, so patients cannot be quarantined. Zika-related disease has its most devastating effects on the unborn fetus with a delay to diagnosis. The transplacental pathology is not understood. The occurrence of GBS suggests that Zika virus associated disease has an autoimmune component. It is epidemic in a region with a high degree of global connectivity; cases will be widely disseminated. The Zika epidemic is moving very rapidly. Research reagents, animal models, and fundamental science knowledge are much less well developed than they were for Ebola. On the other hand, decades of experience with dengue, YFYF, and West Nile have equipped us with familiarity with ADE and flavivirus vaccine development strategies. Zika virus is likely a harbinger of future diseases driven by ecosystem change and global interconnectedness.

Perhaps the biggest challenge with Zika will be to recognize it for what it is: a new disease which does not fit the epidemiology or response paradigm of Ebola or dengue and which will demand effort, resources, unparalleled collaboration, and above all, open mindedness in formulating responses

Somekind of blood tests????

placenta – blood infection-

vitamin c, aloe vera b12 complex?

http://journals.plos.org/plosntds/article?id=10.1371/journal.pntd.0004530

Genetically Modified Mosquitoes by Oxitec Ltd. cause the Zika Disease by Petia Ganeva

 

Genetically Modified Mosquitoes

from Oxitec Ltd. cause the Zika Disease

by Petia Ganeva

Scientists from the British firm Oxitec Ltd. created genetically modified mosquitoes, which infect humans with the Zika virus. The flying Zika donors produce or transmute practically a pathogenic bacteria, which sparks off skin rash, fever, red eyes, joint and muscle pain, headache and even brain damage. The US Food and Drug Administration claims, the contaminated and in this context dangerous insects can defeat the Zika virus respectively to rescue the life of citizens. Millions of these “not harmful” mosquitoes are spread around the world and infect a considirable number of civilians in Brazil, Mexico, Zimbabwe, on the Cayman islands, in the United States of America and in other countries. Overall 23 states are plagued by the Oxitec Zika soaring creatures. Three people have died on Zika in Columbia and one in Puerto Rico.

The bio- technology company Oxitec distributes proudly and weekly 200 000 Zika outgrowing, so called harmless mosquitoes on the Cayman Islands for instance. The head of this Windsor’s innovative depopulation project on the Caymans, which is founded inofficially by the Oxford University and internationally developed by tax money, is Dr. Bill Petrie. It is not clear, when and how the phenomenal, genetically defectly engineered Zika producing insects get released across the globe, but it is perfectly known by several medical Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, that the Zika breeding species cause severe neurological damages, blood infection, and in fact these blood- sucking floating parasites can sweep ( put) you to death.

While the diligent scientists from Oxitec Ldt set free acurately millions of these nasty Zika bacilli worldwide, the head of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Dr. Anthony Fauci calls for funding of Zika’s virus research program on the Fox TV 5.

The bio- technology company Oxitec spreads proudly 200 000 Zika outgrowing, so called harmless mosquitoes on the Cayman Islands for instance weekly. The head of this Windsor’s innovative depopulation project on the Caymans, which is founded inofficially by the Oxford University and internationally developed by tax money, is Dr. Bill Petrie. It is not clear, when and how the phenomenal, genetically defectly engineered Zika producing insects are released across the globe, but it is perfectly known by several medical Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, that the Zika breeding species cause severe neurological damages, blood infection, and in fact these blood- sucking floating parasites can sweep you to death.

While the diligent scientists from Oxitec Ldt set free acurately millions of these nasty Zika bacilli worldwide, the head of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Dr. Anthony Fauci calls for funding of Zika’s virus research program on the Fox TV 5.

 

In the mean time medical professionals in Florida identified 16 people, who are already contagioned with the deadly bacterial infection known as the Zika virus. The director of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention from the USA Dr. Tom Frieden stated on Fox TV, there is still no aproved, “specific” medical treatment against this deadly virus. The so called Zika infection causes serious brain damages even in unborn babies. Another five citizens “have been infected in Miami, the second Zika zone”, said a host from Fox TV a few days later.

 

There is an official statement on the website of the FDA about the usage of these genetically engineered mosquitos by the company Oxitec Ltd in diverse countries not for commercial purporses, but technically for a human population control. The “innovative insect control” company according to their own words, which produces Zika incubating mosquitos, is based in Abingdon in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and is founded by Luke Alphey. Dr. Luke Alphey is very close to the recent unrightful and transgendered queen Elizabeth II. The Oxitec Ltd. company is financed by the Oxford University. The Oxford University is publicly named as the House of the Queen Elizabeth II.

“Genetically modified mosquitoes could prove effective in tackling dengue fever and other insect-borne diseases, a UK-based scientific team has shown. The male mosquitoes are modified so their offspring die before reproducing. In a dengue-affected part of the Cayman Islands, researchers found the GM males mated successfully with wild females. In Nature Biotechnology journal, they say such mating has not before been proven in the wild, and could cut the number of disease-carrying mosquitoes. Dengue is caused by a virus transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mosquito as it bites. The World Health Organisation (WHO) estimates that there may be 50 million cases each year, and the incidence is rising, with some countries reporting what the WHO terms “explosive” outbreaks.”

The founders and owners of Google Inc., Larry Page and Sergey Brin, participate voluntarily in this exciting and thrilling non -royal and profoundly noble misanthropic Windsor’s human depopulation experiment by infecting citizens purposefully with genetically modified mosquitos, which hatch a deadly pathogenic bacteria, called the Zika Virus. The deadly genetic invention of Oxitec Ltd was planned years ago under the management and advisement of Larry Page and Sergey Brin from Google Inc..

“FDA’s finalization of the EA and FONSI does not mean that Oxitec’s GE mosquitoes are approved for commercial use. Oxitec is responsible for ensuring all other local, state, and federal requirements are met before conducting the proposed field trial, and, together with its local partner, the Florida Keys Mosquito Control District, to determine whether and when to begin the proposed field trial in Key Haven, Florida.

Oxitec has produced a genetically engineered line of the mosquito Aedes aegypti (OX513A) with the intent of suppressing the population of that mosquito at the release site(s). Ae. Aegypti is known to transmit potentially debilitating human viral diseases, including Zika, dengue, yellow fever, and chikungunya and has been found in some U.S. states, but is most prevalent in the South. Open field trials of the OX513A genetically engineered mosquito have been conducted in Brazil, the Cayman Islands, Panama, and Malaysia.”

The so called Zika virus is actually a bacterial infection. What is a virus? Is it a living micro organism? A chemical? A virus is definitely not a toxic chemical, but a BACTERIAL infection, which is caused by many pathogenic bacterias, living parasitic micro organisms, which infect and damage the human body in different way. The pathogenic bacterias multiply themselves in the illed human body and result into a virus.

Scientifically unprooved homemade herbal redemies against bacterial infections could be tested to defeat the deadly Zika bacteria used in combination with a determined vitamin supplement and a healthy diet. Aloe Vera, Anise and Citric Acid are well known anti- bacterial remedies, which help also against blood infection. Vitamin C is commonly used to decrease fever and high blood pressure. Vitamin B 12, B9, B6, B2, Ginseng and amino acids are brightly put to use for brain cells regeneration. Vitamin K, K2 are a very important and supportive nutrition for the brain membrane and function. In addition, Lavender, Calendula and Cotinus Obovatus could be utilized dermatologically to calm and heal the skin rash and wounds. Exctracts of Cotinus Coggygria and garlic are exerted to cure sexually transmitted diseases, which are also a kind of a bacterial infection. Artemisia Annua is availed against malaria and HIV infection. Vitamin A, Beta Carotene and E are taken usually to cure eyes diseases. The flying pathogenic agents of Zika can be dispelled effectively with lavender, mint, eucalyptos aroma diffusers.

by Petia Ganeva

 

Sources:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hHPzp58FnA0

https://gr.pinterest.com/pin/327988785345043565/

http://edition.cnn.com/2016/08/05/health/fda-approve-gmo-mosquito-zika-florida/

http://www.cdc.gov/zika/transmission/blood-transfusion.html

http://www.fda.gov/AnimalVeterinary/DevelopmentApprovalProcess/GeneticEngineering/GeneticallyEngineeredAnimals/ucm446529.htm

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hHPzp58FnA0

https://gr.pinterest.com/pin/327988785345043565/

http://www.oxitec.com/

http://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/private/snapshot.asp?privcapId=22757167

https://www.rt.com/usa/312410-google-mosquito-gm-dengue/

https://caymannewsservice.com/2016/05/oxitec-to-release-200000-gm-mosquitoes-weekly/

http://www.msn.com/en-au/news/world/oxitecs-plan-to-end-the-zika-virus/vp-BBtuA00

https://www.crunchbase.com/organization/oxitec

https://www.crunchbase.com/organization/oxitec#/entity

https://de.scribd.com/doc/298089657/ZIKA-UNPROVEN-VIRUS-DONT-KILL-MEDICINES-KILL

http://www.eldis.org/go/home&id=36106&type=Organisation#.V7lpBE2LTIU

http://www.globalhand.org/en/organisations/21980

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_of_the_British_Royal_Family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_titles_and_honours_of_Queen_Elizabeth_II

http://andthentherainbow.com/queen-elizabeth-ii-is-a-man/

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2016/03/15/richard-iii-dna-shows-british-royal-family-may-not-have-royal-bl/

http://www.fda.gov/AnimalVeterinary/DevelopmentApprovalProcess/GeneticEngineering/GeneticallyEngineeredAnimals/ucm446529.htm

http://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/private/snapshot.asp?privcapId=22757167

https://www.crunchbase.com/organization/oxitec#/entity

https://caymannewsservice.com/2016/05/oxitec-to-release-200000-gm-mosquitoes-weekly/

http://www.arabtoday.net/health-337/gm-mosquitoes-show-fever-promise#

http://andthentherainbow.com/queen-elizabeth-ii-is-a-man/

http://andthentherainbow.com/queen-elizabeth-ii-is-a-man/

http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-30281333

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2016/03/15/richard-iii-dna-shows-british-royal-family-may-not-have-royal-bl/

http://www.biblemysteries.com/library/queen.htm

http://www.fox5dc.com/health/125712048-story

http://www.ecowatch.com/fda-approves-genetically-modified-mosquitoes-zika-florida-1964042276.html

https://www.cdc.gov/zika/symptoms/

http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/u-s-one-step-closer-to-releasing-engineered-mosquito-to-fight-zika/

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2016/health/what-is-zika-virus.html

https://www.cdc.gov/zika/symptoms/

http://www.dana.org/Cerebrum/2009/Vitamin_D_and_the_Brain__More_Good_News/

https://www.vitamindcouncil.org/health-conditions/alzheimers-disease/

http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/notices/alert/zika-virus-mexico

https://www.newsday.co.zw/2016/02/11/govt-on-zika-virus-alert/

http://zimmetro.net/index-id-news-zk-18798.html

http://flexikon.doccheck.com/de/Virus

https://caymannewsservice.com/2016/05/oxitec-to-release-200000-gm-mosquitoes-weekly/

http://advances.nutrition.org/content/3/2/204.full
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22419547

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22419547

http://bebrainfit.com/ginseng-benefits/

http://www.aloeplant.info/aloe-and-immune-system-health/

http://www.aloeplant.info/aloe-vera-and-bacteria/

http://www.naturalnews.com/027849_amino_acids_brain_damage.html

http://www.techtimes.com/articles/155156/20160501/zika-is-a-deadly-virus-this-is-how-it-can-kill-you.htm

https://www.vitalstoffmedizin.ch/index.php/de/active-nutrients/artemisia-english

http://www.allaboutvision.com/nutrition/vitamin_a.htm

http://www.allaboutvision.com/nutrition/vitamin_e.htm

http://www.ecowatch.com/fda-approves-genetically-modified-mosquitoes-zika-florida-1964042276.html

http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/u-s-one-step-closer-to-releasing-engineered-mosquito-to-fight-zika/

http://zimmetro.net/index-id-news-zk-18798.html

https://www.cdc.gov/zika/symptoms/

http://www.techtimes.com/articles/155156/20160501/zika-is-a-deadly-virus-this-is-how-it-can-kill-you.htm

http://www.fox5dc.com/health/125712048-storyhttp://www.fox5dc.com/health/125712048-storyhttp://www.fox5dc.com/health/125712048-story

http://www.fda.gov/AnimalVeterinary/DevelopmentApprovalProcess/GeneticEngineering/GeneticallyEngineeredAnimals/ucm446529.htm

http://7city.org/main/27783-at-google-we-started-thinking-about-breeding-genetically-modified-mosquitoes.html

https://www.rt.com/usa/312410-google-mosquito-gm-dengue/

http://www.oxitec.com/

 

http://www.arabtoday.net/health-337/gm-mosquitoes-show-fever-promise#

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oxford_Department_of_International_Development

http://www.qeh.ox.ac.uk/

http://www.eldis.org/go/home&id=1522&type=Organisation

http://www.eldis.org/go/home&id=36106&type=Organisation#.V7lpBE2LTIU

http://www.eldis.org/go/home&id=1522&type=Organisation#.V7lpT02LTIU

http://www.globalhand.org/en/organisations/21980

http://www.ecowatch.com/fda-approves-genetically-modified-mosquitoes-zika-florida-1964042276.html

http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/u-s-one-step-closer-to-releasing-engineered-mosquito-to-fight-zika/

http://zimmetro.net/index-id-news-zk-18798.html

http://www.fox5dc.com/health/125712048-storyhttp://www.fox5dc.com/health/125712048-storyhttp://www.fox5dc.com/health/125712048-story

http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/u-s-one-step-closer-to-releasing-engineered-mosquito-to-fight-zika/

http://www.foxla.com/news/breaking-news/121923030-story

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2016/health/what-is-zika-virus.html

The Flying Zika Donors

The Flying Zika Donors

by Petia Ganeva

Scientists from the British firm Oxitec Ltd. created genetically modified mosquitoes, which infect humans with the Zika virus. The flying Zika donors produce practically a pathogenic bacteria, which sparks off skin rash,fever, red eyes, joint and muscle pain, headache and even brain damage. The US Food and Drug Administration claims, the contaminated and in this context dangerous flapping insects can defeat the Zika virus respectively to rescue the life of citizens. Millions of these “not harmful” mosquitoes are spreaded around the world and infect a considirable number of civilians in Brazil, Mexico, Zimbabwe, on the Cayman islands, in the United States of America and in other countries with the true aim to reduce evidently the earth population in order of certain state facilities, which serve the inhuman interests of the self- proclaimed British royals – the Windsor’s. Overall 23 states are plagued by the Oxitec Zika soaring creatures. Three people have died on Zika in Columbia and one in Puerto Rico.

https://www.cdc.gov/zika/symptoms/

http://www.techtimes.com/articles/155156/20160501/zika-is-a-deadly-virus-this-is-how-it-can-kill-you.htm

The bio- technology company Oxitec spreads proudly  200 000 Zika outgrowing, so called harmless mosquitoes on the Cayman Islands for instance weekly. The head of this Windsor’s innovative depopulation project on the Caymans, which is founded inofficially by the Oxford University and internationally developed by tax money, is  Dr. Bill Petrie. It is not clear, when and how the phenomenal, genetically defectly engineered Zika producing insects are released across the globe, but it is perfectly known by several medical Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, that the Zika breeding species cause severe neurological damages, blood infection, and in fact these blood- sucking floating parasites can sweep you to death.

http://www.ecowatch.com/fda-approves-genetically-modified-mosquitoes-zika-florida-1964042276.html

http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/u-s-one-step-closer-to-releasing-engineered-mosquito-to-fight-zika/

http://zimmetro.net/index-id-news-zk-18798.html

While the diligent scientists from  Oxitec Ldt set free acurately millions of these nasty Zika bacilli worldwide,  the head of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Dr. Anthony Fauci calls for funding of Zika’s virus research program on the  Fox TV 5.

http://www.fox5dc.com/health/125712048-storyhttp://www.fox5dc.com/health/125712048-storyhttp://www.fox5dc.com/health/125712048-story

In the mean time medical professionals in Florida identified 16 people, who are already contagioned with the deadly bacterial infection known as the Zika virus.  The director of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention from the USA Dr. Tom Frieden stated on Fox TV, there is still no aproved, “specific” medical treatment against this deadly virus. The so called Zika infection causes serious brain damages even in unborn babies. Another five citizens ” have been infected in Miami, the second Zika zone”, said a host from Fox TV a few days later.

http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/u-s-one-step-closer-to-releasing-engineered-mosquito-to-fight-zika/

http://www.foxla.com/news/breaking-news/121923030-story

There is an official statement on the website of the FDA about the usage of these genetically engineered mosquitos by the company Oxitec Ltd in diverse countries not for commercial purporses, but technically for a human population control. The “innovative insect control” company according to their own words, which produces Zika incubating mosquitos, is based in Abingdon in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and is founded by Luke Alphey. Dr. Luke Alphey is very close to the recent unrightful and transgendered queen Elizabeth II. The Oxitec Ltd. company is financed by the  Oxford University. The Oxford University is publicly named as the House of the Queen Elizabeth II.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oxford_Department_of_International_Development

http://www.qeh.ox.ac.uk/

http://www.eldis.org/go/home&id=1522&type=Organisation

http://www.eldis.org/go/home&id=36106&type=Organisation#.V7lpBE2LTIU

http://www.eldis.org/go/home&id=1522&type=Organisation#.V7lpT02LTIU

http://www.globalhand.org/en/organisations/21980

“Genetically modified mosquitoes could prove effective in tackling dengue fever and other insect-borne diseases, a UK-based scientific team has shown. The male mosquitoes are modified so their offspring die before reproducing. In a dengue-affected part of the Cayman Islands, researchers found the GM males mated successfully with wild females. In Nature Biotechnology journal, they say such mating has not before been proven in the wild, and could cut the number of disease-carrying mosquitoes. Dengue is caused by a virus transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mosquito as it bites. The World Health Organisation (WHO) estimates that there may be 50 million cases each year, and the incidence is rising, with some countries reporting what the WHO terms “explosive” outbreaks.”

http://www.arabtoday.net/health-337/gm-mosquitoes-show-fever-promise#

The founders and owners of Google Inc., Larry Page and Sergey Brin, participate voluntarily in this exciting and thrilling non -royal and profoundly noble misanthropic Windsor’s human depopulation experiment by infecting citizens purposefully with genetically modified mosquitos, which hatch a deadly pathogenic bacteria, called the Zika Virus. The deadly genetic invention of Oxitec Ltd was planned years ago under the management and advisement of Larry Page and Sergey Brin from Google Inc..

http://7city.org/main/27783-at-google-we-started-thinking-about-breeding-genetically-modified-mosquitoes.html

https://www.rt.com/usa/312410-google-mosquito-gm-dengue/

http://www.oxitec.com/

“FDA’s finalization of the EA and FONSI does not mean that Oxitec’s GE mosquitoes are approved for commercial use. Oxitec is responsible for ensuring all other local, state, and federal requirements are met before conducting the proposed field trial, and, together with its local partner, the Florida Keys Mosquito Control District, to determine whether and when to begin the proposed field trial in Key Haven, Florida.

Oxitec has produced a genetically engineered line of the mosquito Aedes aegypti (OX513A) with the intent of suppressing the population of that mosquito at the release site(s). Ae. aegypti is known to transmit potentially debilitating human viral diseases, including Zika, dengue, yellow fever, and chikungunya and has been found in some U.S. states, but is most prevalent in the South. Open field trials of the OX513A genetically engineered mosquito have been conducted in Brazil, the Cayman Islands, Panama, and Malaysia.”

http://www.fda.gov/AnimalVeterinary/DevelopmentApprovalProcess/GeneticEngineering/GeneticallyEngineeredAnimals/ucm446529.htm

The so called Zika virus is actually a bacterial infection. What is a virus? Is it a living micro organism? A chemical? A virus is definitely not a toxic chemical, but a BACTERIAL infection, which is caused by many pathogenic bacterias,  living parasitic micro organisms, which infect and damage the human body in different way. The pathogenic bacterias multiply themselves in the illed human body and result into a virus.

Scientifically unprooved homemade herbal redemies against bacterial infections could be tested to defeat the deadly Zika bacteria used in  combination with a  determined vitamin supplement and a healthy diet. Aloe Vera, Anise and Citric Acid are well known anti- bacterial remedies, which help also against blood infection. Vitamin C is commonly used to decrease  fever and high blood pressure.  Vitamin B 12, B9, B6, B2, Ginseng and amino acids are brightly put to use for brain cells regeneration. Vitamin K, K2 are a very important and supportive nutrition for the brain membrane and function. In addition, Lavender, Calendula and Cotinus Obovatus could be utilized dermatologically to calm and heal the skin rash and wounds. Exctracts of Cotinus Coggygria and garlic are exerted to cure sexually transmitted diseases, which are also a kind of a bacterial infection. Artemisia Annua is availed against malaria and HIV infection. Vitamin A, Beta Carotene and E are taken usually to cure eyes diseases.

by Petia Ganeva

Info Sources:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hHPzp58FnA0

https://gr.pinterest.com/pin/327988785345043565/

http://edition.cnn.com/2016/08/05/health/fda-approve-gmo-mosquito-zika-florida/

http://www.cdc.gov/zika/transmission/blood-transfusion.html

http://www.fda.gov/AnimalVeterinary/DevelopmentApprovalProcess/GeneticEngineering/GeneticallyEngineeredAnimals/ucm446529.htm

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hHPzp58FnA0

https://gr.pinterest.com/pin/327988785345043565/

http://www.oxitec.com/

http://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/private/snapshot.asp?privcapId=22757167

https://www.rt.com/usa/312410-google-mosquito-gm-dengue/

Oxitec to release 200,000 GM mosquitoes weekly

http://www.msn.com/en-au/news/world/oxitecs-plan-to-end-the-zika-virus/vp-BBtuA00

https://www.crunchbase.com/organization/oxitec

https://www.crunchbase.com/organization/oxitec#/entity

https://de.scribd.com/doc/298089657/ZIKA-UNPROVEN-VIRUS-DONT-KILL-MEDICINES-KILL

http://www.eldis.org/go/home&id=36106&type=Organisation#.V7lpBE2LTIU

http://www.globalhand.org/en/organisations/21980

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_of_the_British_Royal_Family
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_titles_and_honours_of_Queen_Elizabeth_II

Queen Elizabeth II Is A Man!

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2016/03/15/richard-iii-dna-shows-british-royal-family-may-not-have-royal-bl/

http://www.fda.gov/AnimalVeterinary/DevelopmentApprovalProcess/GeneticEngineering/GeneticallyEngineeredAnimals/ucm446529.htm

http://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/private/snapshot.asp?privcapId=22757167

https://www.crunchbase.com/organization/oxitec#/entity

https://caymannewsservice.com/2016/05/oxitec-to-release-200000-gm-mosquitoes-weekly/

http://www.arabtoday.net/health-337/gm-mosquitoes-show-fever-promise#

http://andthentherainbow.com/queen-elizabeth-ii-is-a-man/

http://andthentherainbow.com/queen-elizabeth-ii-is-a-man/

http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-30281333

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2016/03/15/richard-iii-dna-shows-british-royal-family-may-not-have-royal-bl/

http://www.biblemysteries.com/library/queen.htm

http://www.fox5dc.com/health/125712048-story

http://www.ecowatch.com/fda-approves-genetically-modified-mosquitoes-zika-florida-1964042276.html

https://www.cdc.gov/zika/symptoms/

http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/u-s-one-step-closer-to-releasing-engineered-mosquito-to-fight-zika/

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2016/health/what-is-zika-virus.html

https://www.cdc.gov/zika/symptoms/

http://www.dana.org/Cerebrum/2009/Vitamin_D_and_the_Brain__More_Good_News/

Alzheimer’s disease

http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/notices/alert/zika-virus-mexico

Govt on Zika virus alert

http://zimmetro.net/index-id-news-zk-18798.html

http://flexikon.doccheck.com/de/Virus

Oxitec to release 200,000 GM mosquitoes weekly

http://advances.nutrition.org/content/3/2/204.full
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22419547

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22419547

11 Evidence-Based Ways Ginseng Benefits Mental and Physical Health

http://www.aloeplant.info/aloe-and-immune-system-health/

http://www.aloeplant.info/aloe-vera-and-bacteria/

http://www.naturalnews.com/027849_amino_acids_brain_damage.html

http://www.techtimes.com/articles/155156/20160501/zika-is-a-deadly-virus-this-is-how-it-can-kill-you.htm

https://www.vitalstoffmedizin.ch/index.php/de/active-nutrients/artemisia-english

http://www.allaboutvision.com/nutrition/vitamin_a.htm

http://www.allaboutvision.com/nutrition/vitamin_e.htm